how did european monarchs feel about the french revolution

The French Revolution also influenced U.S. politics, as pro- and anti- Revolutionary factions sought to influence American domestic and foreign policy. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. They feared this might encourage people in their … C.) Revolution quickly spreed. Before this period, most Europeans did not think on their own and instead listened to others, such as monarchies and churches, on what they should believe. The Revolution transferred the military capacity of France from the crown to “the people” (or so the people felt). Others trace a period of decline, with a small but noticeable decrease in religious observance in the decades before the Revolution. Like the Declaration of Independence in the United States, the French declaration guaranteed all citizens equal, enshrined property rights and free assembly, abolished the absolute power of the monarchy and established representative government. 247 lessons This made the monarchs of other European countries very, very nervous. The people mobbed them and screamed threats against the king and queen. In 1775-76 the French Revolution had not sounded its tocsin to the peoples of Europe. What did Irish and Greek nationalists have in common? Now France had reason to be nervous. The developments in France certainly made other European nations nervous. France's fellow European countries viewed the French Revolution with a mixture of fear and revulsion. 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Both revolutions appeared as popular uprisings, reacting to the unjust taxation of authoritarian rule. Napoleon turned his attention to Egypt in 1798, and hostilities resumed in Europe. Over time, French King Louis XVI slowly lost power, the popular assemblies took control and violence broke out in Paris and throughout the countryside. 's' : ''}}. This made the monarchs of other European countries very, very nervous. Soon after, the Constitution of 1791 was drafted, which created a constitutional monarchy, much like that of England. [193] [194] [5] Its impact on French nationalism was profound, while also stimulating nationalist movements throughout Europe. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. The ideas of liberty and democratic rights were the most imp. Only Great Britain remained at war with the victorious France. Quiz & Worksheet - European Reaction to the French Revolution, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, Major Revolutions Around the World During the 1700s, Phases of the French Revolution: Overview & Events, The Storming of Bastille & the Great Fear, The Constitutional Monarchy: Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen & the Civil Constitution, The End of the Monarchy: Count of Artois, Jacobin, Girondins, Duke of Brunswick, The Directory (1795-1799): First, Second & the Coup of 18 Fructidor, Biological and Biomedical Bourbon Restoration, (1814–30) in France, the period that began when Napoleon I abdicated and the Bourbon monarchs were restored to the throne. Europe, of course, would not stand for such mischief, and several nations, including Great Britain, Russia, Naples, Portugal, Austria, Sweden and the Ottoman Empire, formed the Second Coalition against France in 1798 and 1799. Create your account. Although the French and American people had several distinct and differing motives for revolting against their ruling governments, some similar causes led to both revolutions, including the following:Economic struggles: Both the Americans and French dealt with a taxation system they found discriminating and unfair. The French Revolution was a major event in the history of Western societies, and has had a profound effect on the world today. With the execution of Louis XVI in January 1793, and the French declaration of war against England ten days later, American politicians began openly to split into two camps — Federalists, who were horrified by the violence in France, and Republicans, who applauded the end of a despotic French monarchy. They decided to be proactive, and they declared war on Austria on April 20, 1792. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. A.) She has taught college English and religious education classes and currently works as a freelance writer. | 22 Perhaps the monarchs of Europe heard of the Revolution in France, took a long look at their own kingdoms, and realized that they, too, were unsustainable. Then the tables turned. These spread from france to the rest of Europe during the 19th century, where feudal system were abolished. Meanwhile, France was on the move in Europe again, marching into Switzerland and Italy and occupying several cities, including Rome. By early April of the following year, Austria and Prussia had issued a circular letter requesting other nations to join in an alliance against France. Absolute rule meant that the power of the monarch … A. The European monarc… Again, this peace would not last, but the next set of wars would be Europe's response to Napoleon Bonaparte rather than to the French Revolution, which the new consul had effectively ended. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Beginning in 1789, the French Revolution saw the French people overthrow their absolute monarchy and bring about a republic that was based on the principles of equality, liberty and fraternity. Here, Mike Rapport discusses how the aims of the 1848 revolutions – to secure constitutional liberty, individual rights, and unity for nations across Europe – were ultimately throttled at birth You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. On November 9, 1799, he staged a successful coup d'état at home and established the French consulate with himself as consul. Cloudflare Ray ID: 62602b30fefa4238 How did European monarchs and nobles feel about the french Revolution? No longer was war a private affair of the king, which the masses paid for and suffered grudgingly. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. At first, they waited, monitoring the situation in France closely. Napoleon, now France's consul, negotiated another victorious peace. His military successes also continued, and eventually, he led France to victorious peace with Austria and Russia in 1801 and Spain, Holland and Great Britain in 1802. Start studying The French Revolution and Napoleon Section Quiz 2. In Revolutionary France, the Legislative Assembly votes to abolish the monarchy and establish the First Republic. What are three main thematic arguments for Edmund Burke's book ''Reflections on the Revolution of France''? Austria and Prussia were especially appalled by this harsh treatment of Louis XVI. What impact did the French Revolution have on the rest of Europe? Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. • How did European monarchs and nobles feel about the French Revolution? The ideals of liberty and equality, that were needed to overthrow Louis XVI, emerged first from the writings of important and influential thinkers of the Age of Enlightenment. Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. In which way were the revolutionary movements in norther italy, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia similar? Absolutism within France was a political system associated with kings such as Louis XIII and, more particularly, Louis XIV. The French Revolution impacted other countries in various ways because it introduced liberal ideas of change. What's more, Napoleon Bonaparte wasn't ready to end his victorious streak. Europe's first attitude toward the French Revolution was one of waiting, watching and warning. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. Additionally, France’s involvement in the American Revolution, along with extrava… Some assumed this was the natural course o… France, however, continued to push forward, defeating the United Provinces and Spain in 1795 and 1796. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Log in for more information. At first, they waited, monitoring the situation in France closely. The French Revolution saw the feudal society of France overthrow the absolute monarchy of Louis XVI in favor of a republic that was based on respect for individual rights of the people. Peace would not last, however. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community, Explain how Europe, especially Austria and Prussia, reacted to the French Revolution, Describe the First and Second Coalitions and how each ended, Identify Napoleon Bonaparte and discuss his role in the French Revolution and the wars with Europe, Define émigrés, the Declaration of Pillnitz, the Brunswick Manifesto, and the Treaty of Campo Formio. On Aug. 26, 1789, the National Assembly approved the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen. Boosted by the victory, the French overran the Austrian Netherlands and marched into Prussia, capturing several towns as they went, including Frankfurt. They knew that what was happening in Francecould also happen in … Your IP: 188.166.158.9 Names: _____ Period: _____ French Revolution Webquest We have learned about absolutism and how monarchs abused their power in Europe. He first thought seriously about invading the still-hostile Britain but decided that such action would be too much of a risk because of Britain's naval strength. All the other monarchs of Europe were very disapproving of the French Revolutionand terrified by it. Right of Kings ” Day in Homeschool Programs in Homeschool Programs attend yet two... 1802, they were defeated by France 's consul, negotiated another victorious peace that what was the of! Stimulating nationalist movements throughout Europe Austria in 1792 countries were at war with France & security by,. 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