western ghats mountains

Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Located in the Western Ghats range, it rises to 8,842 feet (2,695 metres) and is peninsular India’s highest peak. Map of Western Ghats or Sahyadri. They have some of the finest non-equatorial tropical evergreen forests in the world with very high levels of speciation and endemism. [10] According to UNESCO, Western Ghats are older than Himalayan mountains. Several rivers, including the Periyar and Amaravati,…, The Western Ghats, which slope down abruptly to the western maritime plains, would theoretically allow dams to harness water flowing down the steep slope; however, the rivulets that rise on the summit have an insignificant volume of flow in winter. It is at times called the truly great Escarpment of India. Rivers on the eastern slope of…, …and rain occur against the Western Ghats in India, where the early monsoonal airstream piles up against the steep slopes, then recedes, and piles up again to a greater height. The Eastern Ghats are made up of charnockites, granite gneiss, khondalites, metamorphic gneisses and quartzite rock formations. The Western Ghats in Kerala and Tamil Nadu is home to many tea and coffee plantations. Their steep seaward slopes are deeply dissected by streams and canyonlike valleys, but on the landward side their slopes are gentle and give way to wide, mature valleys. It gives a feeling of being close to Mother Nature. Ghat, a term used in the Indian subcontinent, depending on the context could refer either to a range of stepped hills with valleys (ghati in Hindi), such as the Eastern Ghats and Western Ghats; or the series of steps leading down to a body of water or wharf, such as a bathing or cremation place along the banks of a river or pond, the Ghats in Varanasi, Dhobi Ghat or the Aapravasi Ghat. The highest peak in the Western Ghats is Anaimudi and its elevation is 2695 meters or 8842 ft. Western Ghats | Kerala Tourism The Western Ghat is the mountain range that runs along the western coast of India, from the Vindhya-Satpura ranges in the north to the southern tip. Major gaps in the range are the Goa Gap, between the Maharashtra and Karnataka sections, and the Palghat Gap on the Tamil Nadu and Kerala border between the Nilgiri Hills and the Anaimalai Hills. Each time it pushes thicker clouds upward until wind and clouds roll over the barrier and, after a few brief…, …the escarpment known as the Western Ghats traps the moisture of winds from the Arabian Sea, most notably during the southwest monsoon, creating a tropical monsoon climate along the narrow western littoral and depriving the Deccan of significant precipitation. More like rolling hills than snow-covered mountains, the Western Ghats - stretching some 1,600km from the north of Mumbai to the southern tip of India - are a biodiversity hotspot that contains a large proportion of the country's plant and animal species; many of which are only found here and nowhere else in the world. "Ghat" and "Ghata" is also a suffix used in several place names across the subcontinent. Each situated or constructed by the local people of the region. Every region has its own festival and celebrations. The forested areas on the mountains, the greenery around are best views to enjoy in a city like Download PDF. Rainfall is extremely heavy in Konkan, averaging about 100 inches (2,540 mm), with some of the…, …region surrounding Pune includes the Sahyadri Hills, the Balaghat Range (north), and the Mahadeo Hills (south), which enclose the northern Bhima River valley. That is the Western Ghat stretches from Gujarat to Tamil Nadu with the tallest peaks in Kerala. They run for about 800 … Western Ghats Villa is located in Sethumadai Pollachi, We offer different types of A/C And Non-A/C individual villa for tourists. The hills receive heavy annual rainfall, which runs off in rapid streams that have dissected the landscape, creating infertile plateaus separated by fertile alluvial valleys. The Immigration Depot has thus become an important reference point in the history and cultural identity of Mauritius. Mountains Some of Anamudi, the highest top of american Ghats a couple of, 695 metres (8, 842 ft) from Eravikulam National Recreation area, Kerala. For UPSC 2021 preparation, follow BYJU'S. In both Penang and Singapore, there are areas named Dhoby Ghaut (dhobi meaning "launderer" or "laundry", depending on whether it refers to a person or a business). From this point radiate three ranges—the Anaimalai to the north, the Palni to the northeast, and the Cardamom Hills to the south. The Western Ghats are internationally recognized as a region of immense global importance for the conservation of biological diversity, besides containing areas of high geological, cultural and aesthetic values. The Western Ghats of India undoubtedly has many hidden gems that make for a perfect vacation. The Western Ghats mountain range extends down the western side of India from the River Tapti, north of Mumbai, to Tamil Nadu at the southern tip of India. Godavari, Mahanadi, Krishna, and Kaveri. The western ghats consist of evergreen forests too, however, the main crop grown there is the Coffee. The highest mountain is the Western Ghats is Anamudi, in Kerala at 2,695 meters high. The smaller ranges of the Western Ghats include the Cardamom Hills and the Nilgiri Hills. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Anamudi 2,695 metres in Kerala the highest peak in Western Ghats. This is an incomplete list: The word is also used in some places outside the Indian subcontinent where there are Indian communities. They cover almost four major states of India and are the second-most highest mountain ranges of India after the Himalayas and 1.25 times the length of the Alps range in Europe. The Eastern Ghats are a discontinuous range of mountains along India's eastern coast. [7][8] It is sometimes called the Great Escarpment of India. They rise abruptly from the coastal plain of the Arabian Sea as an escarpment of variable height, but…, …the hill ranges (the Western Ghats), the Karnataka Plateau to the east, and the black-soil tract to the northwest. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Ghats such as these are useful for both mundane purposes (such as cleaning) and religious rites (i.e. It is, … The Eastern Ghats run from the northern Odisha through Andhra Pradesh to Tamil Nadu in the south passing some parts of Karnataka and in the Wayanad region of Kerala. The main crops are rice and coconuts; cultivation of various fruits and cashew nuts was developed in the…, The high peaks of the Western Ghats run along the state’s western border. The structure of the Eastern Ghats includes thrusts and strike-slip faults[17] all along its range. Sunithi L. Narayan, Revathy Nagaswami, 1992, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020 (, substantial proportion of their national populations, Discover sublime India: handbook for tourists, https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/hindi-english/%E0%A4%98%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%9F%E0%A5%80, "UN designates Western Ghats as world heritage site", "39 sites in Western Ghats get world heritage status", >Bombay Teachers and the Cultural Role of Cities, Of 'ghati', 'bhaiyya' & 'yandu gundu': Mumbai has huge diversity in its pejoratives, "Geology of Eastern Ghats in Andhra Pradesh", "An Overview of Indentured Labour Immigration in Mauritius", "Coolitude and the symbolism of the Aapravasi ghat", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ghat&oldid=995030819, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 21:03. endangered species abound in india’s western ghats The diversity of plants, birds, mammals, amphibians, and reptiles is spectacular. ritual bathing or ablutions); there are also specific "shmashana" or "cremation" ghats where bodies are cremated waterside, allowing ashes to be washed away by rivers; notable ones are Nigambodh Ghat and Raj Ghat in Delhi on the Yamuna, the latter of which was the cremation area for Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi and numerous political leaders after him, and the Manikarnika Ghat at Varanasi on the Ganges.[19]. The Western Ghats (Western Mountain Ranges) are ranges of hills along the western edge of the Deccan plateau in peninsular India. Aapravasi Ghat or The Immigration Depot is a building complex located in Port Louis on the Indian Ocean island of Mauritius, the first British colony to receive indentured, or contracted, labour workforce from India. Munnar, Kerala – The Western Ghats Mountains in India’s Kerala State. Western Ghats, also known as Sahyadri (Benevolent Mountains), is a mountain range covers an area of 140,000 km² in a stretch of 1,600 km parallel to the western coast of the Eastern Ghats on the east coast of India and Western Ghats on the west coast of India are the largest ghats in pensular India. The absence of snowpack in the south Indian uplands makes the…, The Western Ghats, which are possibly a fault scarp, are the crest of the western edge of the Deccan plateau. About the Western Ghats The Western Ghats hills run down the western side of India for about 1,600km, and have peaks that vary in height up to around 2,700m. [11] The range runs north to south along the western edge of the Deccan Plateau, and separates the plateau from a narrow coastal plain, called Konkan, along the Arabian Sea. The confluence of the Eastern and the Western Ghats is at Biligirirangan Hills in Karnataka. The Eastern Ghats parallel the Coromandel Coast. Western ghats in and around Pune are simply awesome. [1][2] Roads passing through ghats are called Ghat Roads. The Western Ghats or the Sahyadri constitute a mountain opportunity along the european side of India. Anai Peak, Western Ghats range, eastern Kerala, India. Aravali Range. The whole mountain range of the Western Ghats is home to a number of different cultures. The EBA ( Endemic Bird Area ) extends along the Ghats from just north of Maharashtra to the tip of the peninsula. The coastal plains, including the Coromandel Coast region, lie between the Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal. Village in the Anaimalai Hills, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu state, India. They are eroded and cut through by four major rivers of peninsular India, viz. In many cases, the term is used to refer to a mountain range itself, as in the Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats. Mountain ranges The Western Ghats extend from your Satpura Range in the north, go southern past Maharashtra, Goa, through Karnataka and intoKerala and Tamil Nadu. The Eastern Ghats are not as high as the Western Ghats. They are aligned in north-east to south-west direction. You will find different folklores and legends attached to these mysterious peaks of the western ghats. Mullayanagiri is the highest peak in Karnataka 1,950 metres (6,398 ft). Ghats refer to two converging mountain ranges in south-eastern India, called the Eastern Ghats and Western Ghats, running along the eastern and western seaboards of the country. These mountains and the hills have facilitated the construction of several lakes and reservoirs. The funds that will be generated through our trail running and mountain running marathons will go towards protecting and conserving the mountains and forest trails of the Western Ghats. Also notable is the high social…, The Western Ghats (a mountain range at the western edge of the Deccan plateau; ghat means “pass” in Marathi) run almost continuously for 400 miles (640 km) north-south, with the foothills reaching to within 4 miles (6.4 km) of the Arabian Sea. The Eastern Ghats are older than the Western Ghats, and have a complex geologic history related to the assembly and breakup of the ancient supercontinent of Rodinia and the assembly of the Gondwana supercontinent. Western Ghats is a continuous mountain range that runs parallel to West Coast of India running through Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala. The Deccan Plateau lies to the west of the range, between the Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats. The Western Ghats at Kerala as well as Tamil Nadu is home of many tea and java farms. 'Ghattam' in Malayalam also refers to mountain ranges when used with the name of the ranges being addressed (e.g., paschima ghattam for Western Ghats), while the passage road would be called a 'churam'. Along the range there are 14 peaks that are more than 2,000 meters high and over a score that are over 1,000 meters. Anai Peak, at 8,842 feet (2,695 metres) in the Anaimalai Hills, is the highest mountain in. Our stage is the Sahyadri mountain range of Western Ghats, in Maharashtra. by Admin; April 23, 2020 May 2, 2020; It was morning 6’o clock, I got up and got ready for the airport. Covering just five percent of India’s land, the Western Ghats contains 27% of India’s higher plant species (4,000 of 15,000 species) – 1,800 are found nowhere else in the world. These m… Anamudi, on the right, is the highest peak of the Western Ghats at 2,695 metres (8,842 ft) Nilgiris, a part of Western Ghats at Masinangudi, Tamil Nadu Mullayanagiri is the highest peak in Karnataka 1,950 meters. Their steep seaward slopes are deeply dissected by streams and canyonlike valleys, but on the landward side their slopes are gentle and give way to wide,…, … on the crest of the Western Ghats. If you are … [6] It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is one of the eight "hottest hot-spots" of biological diversity in the world. 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