short form of elephant

The trunk of the African elephant may be more extendable, but that of the Asian elephant is probably more dexterous. Low sounds are the growl, rolling growl, snort, and roar; high sounds are the trump, trumpet, pulsated trumpet, trumpet phrase, bark, gruff cry, and cry. However, it is also extremely dexterous, mobile, and sensitive, which makes it appear almost independent of the rest of the animal. . The African forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis), which lives in rainforests, was recognized as a separate species in 2000 and is smaller than the savanna elephant. Anatomically, the trunk is a combination of the upper lip and nose; the nostrils are located at the tip. The elephant king remembered the promise made by the king of mice. Such consumption makes elephants an important ecological factor, because it substantially affects and even alters the ecosystems elephants live in. Believed to be derived from an Afro-Asiatic form such as Proto-Berber *eḷu (“elephant”) (compare Tahaggart Tamahaq êlu, Tamasheq alu) or Egyptian ꜣbw (“elephant; ivory”). Elephant teaches how to nourish the mind, body, and spirit, so you are strong during trying times. Many experts believe that the Mammoth which is now extinct is an early form of the elephant. Elephants use the trunk like a hand in other ways as well. At the end of the trunk are flaplike projections enabling it to perform amazingly delicate functions, such as picking up a coin from a flat surface or cracking a peanut open, blowing away the shell, and putting the kernel in the mouth. 115 Top Elephant Facts. . Tender, strong, silly and smart, elephants tug at our emotions and, perhaps, we at theirs. The trunk is also used to collect dust or grass for spraying onto themselves, presumably for protection against insect bites and the sun. When elephants meet, one may touch the face of the other, or they will intertwine trunks. Elephants live in a very structured social order. 'Experimental Low Energy Plasma for Hemispherical Analyzer Nominal Testing' is one option -- get in to view more @ The Web's largest and most authoritative acronyms and abbreviations resource. Author of numerous scientific and popular publications on elephants and other proboscideans. This type of elephant attains a shoulder height of 2 to 3.5 m, weigh between 4,000 and 5,000 kg, and possess 19 pairs of ribs. Elephants have evolved a unique social structure: essentially, males and females live entirely apart, hooking up only briefly during mating season. Asian elephants are traditionally considered to be one of two species of elephants, the other being the African elephant. Silver Elephant Announces Filing of Technical Report for Pulacayo Project in Bolivia and Preliminary Short-Form Prospectus for Previously Announced Bought Deal Offering Download as PDF Not for distribution to U.S. news wire services or dissemination in the United States. These looser attachments allow the larynx a great degree of freedom and enable the formation of the pharyngeal pouch just behind the tongue. Asian and African elephants are listed as endangered species. In the vast majority of mammals, the throat contains nine bones connected in a boxlike structure, the hyoid apparatus, that supports the tongue and the voice box. There are three subspecies of Asian elephant: the Indian (or mainland), the Sumatran, and the Sri Lankan. When we write the short form, we use an apostrophe (') for the missing letter(s). Most of us are well aware of elephants and have even seen at least one of them in person at a zoo or circus. Breathing, drinking, and eating are all vital functions of the trunk. • never legally changed his name from Eric Blair to George Orwell. STANDS4 LLC, 2021. Learn more. There are three different species of elephants: the African savanna, or bush, elephant, the African forest elephant, and the Asian elephant. The trunk, or proboscis, of the elephant is one of the most versatile organs to have evolved among mammals. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Updated April 2020. Elephants produce two types of vocalization by modifying the size of the nostrils as air is passed through the trunk. List of 1 ELEPHANT definition. Abbreviations.com. Synonyms for elephant include mammoth, mastadon, pachyderm, tusker, Elephas maximus, Loxodonta africana, large mammal, mastodon, hippopotamus and rhinoceros. We also use these short forms in informal written English. Elephants can produce a variety of other sounds by beating the trunk on hard ground, a tree, or even against their own tusks. The gray skin is loose, tough, In captivity, however, elephants tend to have a shorter life expectancy due to ailments caused by unnatural living conditions. Finally, repeated field observations attest that elephants can spray themselves while walking or running. In the African elephant both the male and the female possess tusks, whereas in the Asian elephant it is mainly the male that has tusks. Asian elephants can live up to 80 years or longer; African elephants, 60-70 years. Elephants have six sets of cheek teeth (molars and premolars) in their lifetime, but they do not erupt all at once. The film was shot entirely on location in Nepal starring Barry Sloane as Eric Blair. More at ivory. Instead of "I am" we say, "I'm". Elephant, (family Elephantidae), largest living land animal, characterized by its long trunk (elongated upper lip and nose), columnar legs, and huge head with temporal glands and wide, flat ears. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/animal/elephant-mammal, elephant - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), elephant - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). If danger is suspected, elephants raise and swivel the trunk as if it were “an olfactory periscope,” possibly sniffing the air for information. Each new set is successively longer, wider, and heavier. They eat by detaching grasses, leaves, and fruit with the end of the trunk and using it to place this vegetation into the mouth. elephant meaning: 1. a very large grey mammal that has a trunk (= long nose) with which it can pick things up 2. a…. Rumbling sounds initially thought to be caused by intestinal activity are now known to be produced by the voice box (larynx) and are considered to be similar to purring in cats. A family is led by an older matriarch and typically includes three or four of her offspring and their young. Omissions? Replaced Middle English olifant (fro… At the end of “The Elephant Man,” it is presented as a conscious, life-ending decision, but as Merrick was alone when it happened that is more poetic license than verifiable fact. elephant, largest living land mammal, found in tropical regions of Africa and Asia. In Moulmein, in lower Burma, I was hated by large numbers of people – the only time in my life that I have been important enough for this to happen to me. Elephant Table of Contents. Only the last four molars or their remains are present after about 60 years of age. Elephants drink by sucking as much as 10 litres (2.6 gallons) of water into the trunk and then squirting it into the mouth. Their unique features are what draws people in to see them and their form of deep family bonds, with the matriarchal of the group or herd, being females. Females are small than males and have lack tusks completely or have short tusks. The African forest elephant, recognized as a separate species in 2000, is smaller than the savanna elephant. The source of this liquid and the ability of elephants to withdraw it have posed a mystery even though the pharyngeal pouch was described in 1875. An adult elephant consumes about 100 kg (220 pounds) of food and 100 litres (26 gallons) of water per day. It is attested in Mycenaean Greek as e-re-pa (genitive e-re-pa-to) in Linear B syllabic script. They are found most often in savannas, grasslands, and forests, but they occupy a wide range of habitats, including deserts, swamps, and highlands in tropical and subtropical regions of Africa and Asia. The elephant seems to be in great agony and is “helpless to live yet helpless to die”. Stomach contents, however, are acidic and would irritate the skin. Find … The African savanna, or bush, elephant (Loxodonta africana) weighs up to 8,000 kg (9 tons) and stands 3 to 4 metres (10 to 13 feet) at the shoulder. The trunk is innervated by two proboscidean nerves, which render it extremely sensitive. Tusks are used for defense, offense, digging, lifting objects, gathering food, and stripping bark to eat from trees. The proboscis comprises 16 muscles. Elephants have only five bones in the hyoid apparatus, and the gap formed by the missing bones is filled by muscles, tendons, and ligaments. When present in the female, tusks are small, thin, and often of a uniform thickness. The Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) weighs about 5,500 kg and has a shoulder height of up to 3.5 metres. Elephants are herbivores: they eat a range of plants, including grasses, fruit, and roots. 1) There are three different species of elephant – the African Savannah elephant, the African Forest elephant and the Asian elephant.

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